1. It is suggested that all the young adults should undertake a period of unpaid work helping people in the community. Does it bring more benefits or drawbacks to the community and the young people?
In recent years, it has become more and more common for societies to encourage young people to do unpaid work in the local community. In my view, the voluntary participation of youth brings more benefits to young people and community.
By doing unpaid work, young people can gain experience and exercise skills, which are helpful for their performance in the future career life. For instance, when they work with others and interact with people, they can enhance their abilities of problem solving, communication and teamwork. Also, young people will feel a sense of belonging to the local community through voluntary work, building unity and reducing distrust among members of community. To communities, with the help of young people, they can reduce the financial burden of the community. If communities employ professional workers to do the same work, a high cost certainly occurs. But now, local councils can do more in other aspects like updating sport facilities or supporting disabled people, with the saving money.
Despite those merits of voluntary work, there are some potential drawbacks. Unpaid work might occupy a lot of time, which will lead to an obvious decrease in their learning efficiency in school or workplace. Besides, how to organize young people to work systematically is still a problem to local communities. Communities should avoid potential conflicts since these young people come from different social backgrounds.
From the above discussion, young people should be encouraged to do unpaid work since community service is good for youngsters’ future career life. Meanwhile, communities can save money to do something more beneficial to local community construction. However, there are still some negative points such as wasting time for young people and hard organization for community.
2. In some countries, there has been an increase in the number of parents who educate their children themselves at home instead of sending them to school. Do you think the advantages of this outweigh the disadvantages.
Domestic learning seems to be an increasing popularity these days and a number of educationalists have different opinions over whether it is of benefits or drawbacks for parents to choose home learning. Personally, based on distinct circumstances, this trend proves to be a double-edged knife.
On the one hand, there are many advantages of learning at home and high learning efficiency is one of them. Parents are more active to manage to satisfy an individualistic learning pattern of their children, for example, by observing the academic performance, learning habits and attitudes towards different subjects. However, this cannot be achieved in large-scaled class teaching. To be more specific, common students at school have limited choices to learn what they are enthusiastic about in comparison to those who are allowed to have home study, they are given the advantage to develop various potentials in study such as talent in arts or in science. Less pressure is considered to be another ameliorative point in this respect. For those who are vulnerable inside, learning subjects at home are thought to be a good way to avoid peer pressure. While at educational institutions, learning motivation is likely to be inhibited by self-consciousness, thus hindering knowledge acquisition.
On the other hand, there are also some disadvantages that cannot be ignored. Firstly, apart from theoretical knowledge, other developments including those regarding social skills and physical growth are the big worries. Since adolescents are exposed to a comparatively closed learning environment. It is of little chance for teamwork and PE programs. There is also teaching quality to be considered as well, parents who have not been trained professionally usually could not provide systematic teaching outlook and learning difficulties cannot bead dressed strategically in most cases, this may lead to a demotivation of young learners.
To conclude, every coin has two sides, and this is the same case with domestic learning. What adults need to remember is to find appropriate solutions to combat the problem above.
3. Nowadays, women have full-time work same as men, logically men should share household equally with women. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Nowadays with an increasing number of women taking full-time jobs, a practical issue in families where couples both work during day time is that who should be responsible for housework after work. Many people, particularly feminists believe that husbands should take responsibility to share the housework like cleaning the room and childrearing.
It sounds reasonable that women should be assisted in doing housework by their husbands, as today women contribute a lot to the family by working outside and bringing in income. Women spend a vast majority of time on their work during the day and therefore deserve proper rest after a day's hard work as men do. Generally, if the husband helps with house chores, the housework will be done more quickly therefore they can get more time playing with kids or relaxing themselves.
Besides, by sharing the housework, the husband and wife can gain more mutual understanding. For example, while the wife is washing the dishes, she can discuss a problem she encountered at work during the day with her husband who might be sweeping the floor at the same time. Vise versa, the husband can share something interesting with his wife who is ready to be relieved by easy topics which help her forget the stressful business at work temporarily. So to some extent, sharing housework can help build a healthy marital relationship and strengthen the bonding among family members.
Some people might argue that gender difference do exist in terms of psychology and physiology. From their viewpoint, men are supposed to focus on career development and leave house chores to their wives. However, this opinion might neglect the fact that women are now showing great potential in fields they are good at and actually playing an indispensible role in the society's development. Female accountants, doctors, engineers are only a few number of numerous positions where women contribute their talent. Another aspect this argument does not consider is that men prove more suitable for many tasks in house maintaining. Most men in America, for instance, spend their weekends working in the garden or mending furniture that requires both physical energy and dexterity.
In conclusion, I believe each family member should contribute to housework, regardless of their capability of carrying out those tasks. The most important thing about sharing housework in a family is not only to build an organized and comfortable home to live in but create a cozy atmosphere that benefits children's growth